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New Delhi, India recently generated 11.1 tonnes of bio-medical waste products-related from COVID-19 pandemic from health institutions, which is 10% of the 101 tonnes of the daily bio-medical waste contributed globally.

The country is implementing strategies in the management of bio-medical waste disposal which is 80% segregation and 20% is through the use of technology. Segregation is the ideal way of minimizing the volume of waste products.

The possible consequences of not observing these laws are leading to unfavorable and harmful effects like:
  • Air, water, and soil pollution
  • Scavengers like ragpickers and animals are potentially spreading the infectious and hazardous wastes anywhere
  • Accidental pricks from improper disposal of infected needles, scalpels, broken vials, and ampoules of medicines
  • Spread of infectious diseases from accidental needle pricks such as Hepatitis, AIDS, etc.
  • Improper disposal of untreated liquid waste products leads to environmental pollution resulting in health illnesses.
  • Managing the bio-medical waste problem is implementing the 3R strategies: Reduce, Reuse, and, Recycle.
  • Reducing the amount of waste produced by using less wrapping materials and prompt return of gas cylinders to the supplier for refilling.
  • Reuse to lessen the toxic substances so the material can be reused.
  • Recycle paper, batteries, metals, plastic, and glass materials and recover energy for heating of water.


Effective bio-medical waste management strategies must be a social responsibility of every individual in avoiding the detrimental threats to our health and environment.

We must all unite in giving each one of us a possible chance of enjoying a safe and healthy environment.