Ways Medical Waste is Managed
An institution that manages medical waste must establish specific options for waste management and disposal. The methods used must comply with local or state regulations and must be practiced with caution within the establishment determined for producing medical wastes. The following are the most effective procedures on medical waste control:
With high temperatures, medical waste decreases from the mass of harmful pathogens. Incineration is a convenient disposal method but requires proper filing in some states due to emission concerns.
Autoclaving is the best option next to incineration. The steam process involves disinfection of the medical wastes within a period before disposal to the landfill. Hazardous medical waste (chemotherapy waste or expired medications) is not advisable for autoclaving.
Using this approach requires sterilizing agents such as ethylene oxide. Gas sterilization removes the infectious properties of microbial waste that can cause disease transmission during disposal.
Treatment is usually done through chlorine constitutes. Chlorine is known for destroying E. coli bacteria and in more disinfecting procedures for years. The approach is more likely for the treatment of liquid medical waste for safer disposal.
Microwave disinfection works best on waste that has more water components. This mechanical treatment uses radiation to turn water into steam and reduce the waste mass from a preliminary shedding process.
Disinfection of waste with exposure to gamma rays is considered a little bit expensive approach. Radiation is known to destroy cancerous cells and is deemed as similarly effective in bacteria on medical waste.
A preheated chamber is adjusted to a very high temperature before feeding with medical waste. This method is more applicable to large volumes of liquid medical waste.
Delivering the best practice for medical waste disposal requires the most effective healthcare waste management. Amongst the given methods, incineration is widely used because of its efficiency. Choosing what waste management to apply must abide still with the locality's environment policies.